Quantitative Analysis of Energy Metabolism

Targeted metabolomics

Metabolic Flux Analysis

Quantitative Analysis of Energy Metabolism

Quantitative Analysis of Short-Chain Fatty Acids

Quantitative Analysis of Fatty Acids

Quantitative Analysis of Bile Acids

Quantitative Analysis of Trimethylamine Oxide and Related Metabolites

Quantitative Analysis of Amino Acids

Quantitative Analysis of Neurotransmitters

Quantitative Analysis of Organic Acids

Quantitative Analysis of Flavonoids

Quantitative Analysis of Carbohydrates

Quantitative Analysis of Plant Hormones

Quantitative Analysis of Carotenoids

Quantitative Analysis of Tannins

Quantitative Analysis of Phenolic Acids

Quantitative Analysis of Anthocyanins

Quantitative Analysis of Vitamins

Quantitative Analysis of Arachidonic Acids

Quantitative Analysis of Energy Metabolism

One of the most basic characteristics of life is the process of energy release, transfer, storage and utilization accompanying the metabolism of substances in the organism. Energy metabolism can be divided into TCA cycle, glycolysis and pentose phosphate pathway. The TCA cycle belongs to the third stage of aerobic oxidation of sugar. The aerobic oxidation of sugar is the main metabolic method of sugar oxidation for energy supply under the physiological conditions of the body, and it is the direct energy source for physiological activities. Glycolysis is a process by which the body's tissues (especially muscles) undergo a series of changes to break down into lactic acid without oxygen or without adequate oxygen supply. Pentose phosphate pathway is a bystander of glucose metabolism in certain tissues and organs of the body.

Application Fields

Tumor metabolism mechanism

Immune-related diseases

Metabolic disease

Stem cell development and differentiation

Sample Requirements

  1. Animal tissue ≥ 0.2g
  2. Serum, plasma≥ 0.3ml
  3. Intestinal ≥ 0.1g
  4. Stool ≥ 0.3g

Case Analysis

Quantitative Fluxomics of Circulating Metabolites

Journal: Cell Metabolism       Impact factor: 21.567 Published date: July 2020       Published by: Princeton University, United States

Research Background

Mammalian organs are nourished by nutrients carried by the blood circulation. These nutrients originate from diet and internal stores, and can undergo various interconversions before their eventual use as tissue fuel. Here we develop isotope tracing, mass spectrometry, and mathematical analysis methods to determine the direct sources of circulating nutrients, their interconversion rates, and eventual tissue-specific contributions to TCA cycle metabolism.

Research Design and Methods

Experiments with fifteen nutrient tracers enabled extensive accounting for both circulatory metabolic cycles and tissue TCA inputs, across fed and fasted mice on either high-carbohydrate or ketogenic diet. We find that a majority of circulating carbon flux is carried by two major cycles: glucose-lactate and triglyceride-glycerol-fatty acid. Futile cycling through these pathways is prominent when dietary content of the associated nutrients is low, rendering internal metabolic activity robust to food choice.

Circulation turnover rate significantly exceeds dietary flow, indicating active nutrient circulation

Tracer studies can determine the direct source of TCA metabolites


The presented in vivo flux quantification methods are broadly applicable to different physiological and disease states.


Hui Sheng,Cowan Alexis J,Zeng Xianfeng et al. Quantitative Fluxomics of Circulating Metabolites.[J] .Cell Metab., 2020

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